One of the most prominent features emerging from those simulations are the doldrums - a largely forgotten region of calm and variable winds in the deep tropics which extends across vast parts of the tropical Atlantic ocean.
The simulations, given their grid spacing (2.4 km), simulation domain (3000x9000 km) and integration period (2 months) open exciting new opportunities as they are able to both explicitly capture small-scale features of the atmospheric flow, like the gust wind of a convective storm, and the whole atmospheric circulation over the tropical Atlantic on timescales interesting for climate studies. Basis for these simulations was laid with the tropical Atlantic () simulations done in HD(CP)².
For more information visit the home page of the Max Planck institute for Meteorology.
Reference: Klocke, D., Brueck, M., Hohenegger, C. and Stevens, B. (2017): Rediscovery of the doldrums in storm-resolving simulations over the tropical Atlantic. Nature Geoscience. doi: 10.1038/s41561-017-0005-4